The Pleiades are the most famous star cluster in the sky, a distinctive light spots, where you can see about 5 to 6 stars with the naked eye. The whole pile is made up of hundreds of stars, as you can see beautiful with a telescope.
The Pleiades are in Taurus. They appear in the autumn evening sky and can be admired throughout the winter. Just below them runs the ecliptic, therefore attract the sun and planets past them, and the moon she visits once a month. Sometimes it happens even to the fact that the moon moves through the middle of the star clusters and some of the stars obscured.
Where the sky is the Pleiades to find?
In autumn they appear after months of absence early in the morning again and shift their rise gradually ever further into the night, until they rise to the onset of winter in the evening in the eastern sky. This could be observed every year anew, which is why you had such a reliable means at hand to identify the start of each season. The Pleiades was part of the farming calendar, and some Bauernregeln always report more of them.
East view on an autumn evening
The constellation Taurus is mainly composed of the star cluster of the Hyades. These form the sky a distinctive V and are good to see.
The main star Aldebaran is bright and reddish. He is a prominent star and represents the eye of the bull.
The Pleiades are located on the shoulder of the bull. Behind ends the constellation, it is not shown completely. Links below the bull we find the familiar constellation Orion.
Between Hyades and Pleiades planets road (ecliptic) passes through. Since this part of the sky is so impressively surrounded by stars, it is also called, Golden Gate of the ecliptic '.
The Pleiades - Then and Now
The stars of the Pleiades are about 415 light-years away from us, that is their light needs 415 years to reach us. We see them so now, as they have looked 415 years ago. The Pleiades are formed together from a gas cloud. Their age is estimated at 20-50 million years, so they are still quite young. In contrast, the earth is much older, namely 4.5 billion years.
When dinosaurs roamed the earth, there was no Pleiades! Some of them are even today still surrounded by the nebula, from which they arose. Your Starlight brings the gas surrounding them to light, so that some of the Pleiades are surrounded by an impressive blue aura. In larger telescopes and more exposed photos that's good to see.
The cluster consists of many hundreds of stars. are clearly visible of 5-6 stars, the brightest among them. These stars have grown up countless myths, for already thousands of years ago, people noticed this star spot in the sky. It was so important to them that they gave the individual stars name.
In the legends have been frequent reports of seven stars, another name of the Pleiades is therefore also Pleiades. Today we see only 6 of them with the naked eye. Maybe shone a star used to be much brighter than now. In some stories will accurately pointed out that a star faded among them.
The Pleiades are a prominent spot in the sky. Your rising and setting were also earlier observed accurately and used to determine important dates in already thousands of years ago. In the spring they show up for the last time in the evening on the western horizon.
Shortly after dark, they go under mild and are then not visible in the next few months. This last visibility was equated with the arrival of spring. The first farmers knew they could deploy their seed now, because the winter was then finally over when the Pleiades disappeared from the sky.
The oldest depiction of the Pleiades from the Central European region is likely to see on the Sky Disc of Nebra, which was only discovered 1999th It is dotted with small gold points, and seven of them form a small star cluster, which probably symbolizes the Pleiades. As the sky disc looks like and what else are worth knowing about it, you learn on the page, Nebra Sky Disc '.
There are also some myths so old stories of the Pleiades. They act mostly on how the Pleiades once arrived at the sky.
Source: Pleiades - Astrokramkist
Source: http: //grenz-und-krypto-wissenschaften.blogspot.de/2010/11/universums-und-erdgeschichte.html